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Antisthenes of Athens (c. 445-365 BCE) was once a well-known historic disciple of Socrates, senior to Plato by means of fifteen years and inspirational to Xenophon. he's proper to 2 of the best turning issues in old highbrow historical past, from pre-Socraticism to Socraticism, and from classical Athens to the Hellenistic interval. a greater knowing of Antisthenes ends up in a greater realizing of the highbrow tradition of Athens that formed Plato and laid the principles for Hellenistic philosophy and literature besides. Antisthenes wrote prolifically, yet little of this article is still at the present time. Susan Prince has accrued all of the surviving passages that pertain so much heavily to Antisthenes’ old acceptance and literary construction, interprets them into English for the 1st time, and units out the parameters for his or her interpretation, with shut recognition to the function Antisthenes most probably performed within the literary time table of every historic writer who stated him.

This is the 1st translation of Antisthenes’ is still into English. Chapters current the traditional resource, the unique Greek passage, and useful severe gear. the writer then provides the trendy English translation and notes at the context of the maintenance, the importance of the testimonium, and at the Greek. a number of new readings are proposed.

Antisthenes of Athens should be of curiosity to an individual looking to comprehend Antisthenes and his highbrow context, in addition to his contributions to old literary feedback, perspectives on discourse, and ethics.

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At the rigidity among the “friendship” provided by means of Theodote and that among Socrates and his disciples, see Delatte 1933:148–­61; Patzer 1970:55–­56; Goldhill 1998. value of the Testimonium Antisthenes is paired with Apollodorus (known as narrator of Plato’s Symposium and the main expressive mourner at his dying scene in Phaedo, in addition to at Xen. Apol. 28 and in different places: see Nails 2002:39–­40) as one in all Socrates’ such a lot power partners and his apprentice within the craft of friendship, which has erotic undertones. Notes (16) εἰσὶ δὲ καὶ φίλαι μοι: the female type of “friends,” which needs to discuss with the 4 named men (see Goldhill 1998:121), exhibits that Socrates’ relationships to his disciples are such as his power courting with Theodote. (17) Ἀπολλόδωρόν τε τόνδε καὶ Ἀντισθένη: Apollodorus is at Socrates’ facet within the episode, while Antisthenes is probably not current. Antisthenes in all likelihood represents a special form of shut Socratic better half than Apollodorus, whose roles in Plato’s texts aren't confident. οὐκ ἄνευ πολλῶν φίλτρων τε καὶ ἐπῳδῶν καὶ ἰύγγων: those instruments that the apprentices are studying are a similar ones that captured them. On Antisthenes’ succumbing to Socrates’ discourse, see t. 12B, 12C, 17, 34A. sixty four  Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and statement 15A. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Eminent Philosophers 6. eight (Marcovich) στρέψαντος αὐτοῦ τὸ διερρωγὸς τοῦ τρίβωνος εἰς τὸ προφανές, Σωκράτης ἰδών φησιν, “Ὁρῶ σου διὰ τοῦ τρίβωνος τὴν φιλοδοξίαν. ” ante στρέψαντος upload. μὴ in mg. P5 γρ while he [Antisthenes] had became the torn a part of his outer garment into view, Socrates observed it and stated, “I see your love of popularity via your outer garment. ” 15B. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Eminent Philosophers 2. 36 (Marcovich) = 148B DC στρέψαντος δὲ Ἀντισθένους τὸ διερρωγὸς τοῦ τρίβωνος εἰς τοὐμφανές, “Ὁρῶ σου,” ἔφη, “διὰ τοῦ τρίβωνος τὴν κενοδοξίαν. ” δὲ F : om. B P | διὰ τοῦ τρίβωνος τὴν φιλοδοξίαν codd. plur. : τὴν φιλοδοξίαν διὰ τοῦ τρίβωνος F whilst Antisthenes had became the torn a part of his outer garment into view, he [Socrates] acknowledged, “I see your vainglory via your outer garment. ” 15C. Aelian, historic Miscellany nine. 35 (Dilts) = 148A DC ὁ δὲ Σωκράτης ἰδὼν τὸν Ἀντισθένην τὸ διερρωγὸς τοῦ ἱματίου μέρος ἀεὶ ποιοῦντα φανερόν, “Οὐ παύσῃ,” ἔφη, “ἐγκαλλωπιζόμενος ἡμῖν;” And Socrates, due to the fact that Antisthenes was once continuously making the torn a part of his cloak obvious, stated, “Won’t you cease displaying off your delight for us? ” Context of protection Diogenes preserves the anecdote two times, as soon as within the biography of Socrates and as soon as within the biography of Antisthenes, in a piece protecting his lifestyles in Athens (6. 7–­8). In Aelian, this can be one in every of 3 scattered anecdotes that includes Antisthenes (see additionally t. sixteen, 34C-­2), of which in simple terms t. sixteen is pleasant. significance of the Testimonium The anecdote used to be shaped through a person adverse to Cynicism, might be within the Peripatos or maybe in the Socratic circle, by means of Aeschines. The Socratic danger is predicated on Aelian’s basic use of Aeschines: see t.

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