Download E-books Astronomy Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Astronomy (Science Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Science, Volume 1) PDF

By Helaine Selin, Sun Xiaochun

Astronomy throughout Cultures: A background of Non-Western Astronomy includes essays facing the astronomical wisdom and ideology of cultures outdoors the U.S. and Europe. as well as articles surveying Islamic, chinese language, local American, Aboriginal Australian, Polynesian, Egyptian and Tibetan astronomy, between others, the publication contains essays on Sky stories and Why We inform Them and Astronomy and Prehistory, and Astronomy and Astrology. The essays handle the connections among technological know-how and tradition and relate astronomical practices to the cultures which produced them. every one essay is easily illustrated and includes an huge bibliography. as the geographic diversity is worldwide, the e-book fills a spot in either the heritage of technological know-how and in cultural experiences. it's going to discover a position at the bookshelves of complex undergraduate scholars, graduate scholars, and students, in addition to in libraries serving these teams.

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P. 'The iciness solstice phenomenon at Newgrange, eire: coincidence or layout? ' Nature 337: 343-345, 1989. Renfrew, Colin. ahead of Civilization. manhattan: Knopf, 1973. Ruggles, C. L. N. 'Recent advancements in megalithic astronomy. ' In global Archaeoastronomy, A. F. Aveni, ed. manhattan: Cambridge college Press, 1989, pp. 13-26. Stewart, ok. M. 'Early hominid utilisation of fish assets and implications for seasonality and behavior. ' magazine of Human Evolution 27: 229-245, 1994. Stowe, G. W. The local Races of South Africa. ny: Macmillan Co. , 1905. Thieme, Hartmut. 'Lower Palaeolithic searching spears from Germany. ' Nature 385: 807-810, 1997. Thorn, Alexander. Megalithic Lunar Observatories. Oxford: Oxford college Press, 1973. Toth, Nicholas. 'The first know-how. ' medical American 256: 112-121, 1987. Weidensaul, Scott. dwelling at the Wind. ny: North element Press, 1999. Wendorf, Fred. 'Site 117: a Nubian ultimate Paleolithic graveyard close to Jebel Sahaba, Sudan. ' within the Prehistory of Nubia. vol. 2, Fred Wendorf, ed. Dallas: Southern Methodist college Press, 1968, pp. 954-995. White, Randall. 'Visual considering within the Ice Age. ' clinical American 261: 92-99, 1989. Wilmsen, E. N. and J. R. Denbow. 'Paradigmatic heritage of San-speaking peoples and present makes an attempt at revision. ' present Anthropology 31: 489-524, 1990. ROSLYNN D. HAYNES ASTRONOMY AND THE DREAMING: THE ASTRONOMY OF THE ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIANS THE WORLD'S FIRST ASTRONOMERS The Aboriginal Australians have been arguably the world's first astronomers. Their advanced structures of information and ideology concerning the heavenly our bodies advanced as an essential component of a tradition which has been transmitted via track, dance and formality over greater than 40,000 years, predating via many millennia these of the Babylonians (who most likely built the zodiac universal to Western cultures in approximately 2000 BC), the traditional Greeks, the chinese language, the Indians and the Incas. extra importantly for our knowing in their value, Aboriginal ideals survived, until eventually very lately, inside an entire cultural context. it's very unlikely for us to appreciate what hunter-gatherer Europeans idea once they appeared up on the northern constellations a few 15,000 years in the past, for we haven't any entry to the physique of information which supplied the context for his or her rules concerning the stars. Even the ideals and legends linked to Babylonian, Greek and Roman astronomy have come to us basically as remoted tales, divorced from the tradition of which they have been an essential component in order that we will now not delight in the complicated resonances they carried for these whose tales they have been. even though, for one extensive cultural crew, the Aboriginal Australians, we will be able to, at the least partly, reconstruct the context from which their superstar legends derived their which means. CULTURAL CONTEXT From 19th and early 20th century money owed of Aboriginal tradition we all know that their ideals concerning the stars have been positioned inside a social and cost procedure which either built from and accounted for the bright nightly spectacle of the southern sky, the day-by-day reappearance of the solar and the stages of the moon.

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