By Phillip G. Pattee
At conflict in far-off Waters investigates the explanations in the back of nice Britain’s mixed army and naval offensive expeditions outdoors of Europe in the course of the nice battle. usually considered as pointless sideshows to the clash waged at the eu continent, Pattee argues that a number of the campaigns have been worthwhile adjuncts to the conflict in Europe, and fulfilled a huge strategic goal via conserving British alternate the place it was once such a lot susceptible. in view that overseas alternate used to be crucial for the island nation’s lifestyle, nice Britain required freedom of the seas to keep up its international alternate. whereas the German excessive Seas Fleet was once a major risk to the British coast, forcing the Royal military to pay attention in domestic waters, the significance of the island empire’s worldwide alternate made it a precious goal to Germany’s a variety of trade raiders, simply as Admiral Tirpitz’s probability idea had expected.
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Additional info for At War in Distant Waters: British Colonial Defense in the Great War
The Offensive Sub-Committee advised inviting the govt. of South Africa to adopt the operation if next army examine verified the plan’s feasibility. The committee additionally wanted that British forces within the Gold Coast, bolstered through these from Sierra Leone, break German instant stations in Togoland. The instant station within the Cameroons may current a tougher problem. The committee expected that British forces from Nigeria will require reinforcements to effectively invade the Cameroons, so the committee made up our minds to reassess an operation there at a later time. within the Pacific, Germany had instant stations and ports on the islands of Yap and German New Guinea. The committee urged the cupboard to request that Australia’s commonwealth govt ship a strength to strike those German holdings. within the related vein, the committee urged that the cupboard invite forces from New Zealand to ship expeditions opposed to the German instant stations and bases at the islands of Samoa and Nauru. 15 The Offensive Sub-Committee met back on August 6 to attempt to enhance on its preliminary techniques. It made up our minds that the India place of work may still ship one strength to assault Dar es Salaam and a moment to enhance the King’s African Rifles in British East Africa. The committee additionally famous that the Admiralty could be trained of the proposed dates for a few of the operations to make sure that the naval scenario remained favorable to assaults. sixteen In his August 6 day-by-day letter to the sovereign, major Minister Asquith pronounced that the cupboard had met that day and sanctioned instant dispatch of an expeditionary strength, of undetermined composition, to France. on the related assembly, the cupboard had additionally licensed the main of attacking German colonies to grab ports and instant stations in Togoland, German East Africa, the China Seas, and Samoa. At a next cupboard assembly, the warfare Council made up our minds that the composition of the expeditionary strength will be 4 general divisions and a five-brigade cavalry department. 17 The timing of the conferences exhibits that the cupboard selected in a foreign country expeditions earlier than it devoted to a dimension for the strength it despatched to the continent. even if no longer conclusive, this means that the cupboard had misgivings approximately sending the total expeditionary strength to the continent until eventually it resolved the $64000 factor of the protection of the alternate routes. Colonial Secretary Lewis Harcourt wasted no time performing on the cabinet’s choice to assault Germany’s abroad territories. He easily directed the governors of Sierra Leone and the Gold Coast to mount an excursion opposed to Togoland to put off the instant stations there. 18 simply because South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia have been self-governing dominions, the cupboard asked instead of directed their cooperation. Harcourt drafted telegrams to the kingdom governors informing every one that if his “ministers wanted and felt themselves able,” His Majesty’s govt in nice Britain could regard the seizure of close by German ports and instant stations “as an exceptional and pressing Imperial provider.