Download E-books Castle: A History of the Buildings that Shaped Medieval Britain PDF

By Marc Morris

"Castle" is a wide-ranging background of a few of the main amazing constructions in Britain. It explores the various country's most famed and best-loved castles, in addition to a few little-known nationwide treasures. the tale starts off within the eleventh century, whilst castles have been brought to Britain, and results in the seventeenth century, after they have been mostly deserted. it's, in a few respects, an epic story, pushed via characters like William the Conqueror, "Bad" King John and Edward I, who, by way of development and besieging castles, formed the destiny of the state. even as, in spite of the fact that, it's a extra homely tale, concerning the adventures, struggles and targets of lesser-known contributors, and the way each element in their lives used to be wrapped up within the castles they outfitted. As Marc Morris exhibits, there's extra to castles than drawbridges and battlements, portcullises and arrow-loops. Be it ever so grand or ever so humble, a citadel is firstly a house. it will possibly glance difficult and defensible at the outdoors, yet at the inside of, a citadel is all approximately luxurious and creature comforts. inside of genuine castles, we do no unavoidably locate cannons and matches of armour, yet we do realize nice halls, large kitchens, inner most chambers and chapels - all rooms which have been as soon as sumptuous and extravagant, and which made those constructions excellent flats for his or her vendors. to appreciate castles - who equipped them, who lived in them, and why - is to appreciate the forces that formed medieval Britain.

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Download E-books Union of Crowns: The Forging of Europe's Most Independent State PDF

Did the Scots quite cower within the shadow in their robust, competitive English neighbour? This publication finds a truly diverse photograph. Scottish armies many times invaded English-held territory, defying generations of Anglo-Norman kings, and it took many centuries to eventually come to a decision the fluid Border frontier. despatched homeward to re-evaluate ... ? the writer spells out the monetary and armed forces elements that helped to make sure Scotland's independence from the time of the Romans in Britain via Saxon, Norse and Norman invasions, the ravages of Edward Longshanks and the savagery of Henry VIII's 'rough wooing'. How did the English humans react to the Union of Crowns? have been the Scots included opposed to their will? This e-book explodes the parable that the crowns of britain and Scotland have been united in a few kind of constitutional twist of fate. It uncovers institutions among many Scots and the English courtroom and its mystery carrier – lifting the lid on a murky underworld of collaborators, spies and assassins. Did the French love the Scots up to they hated the English? the writer unearths the consequences of the Auld Alliance among Scotland and France, and the legacy of England's international wars. The at the same time sacrificial and loveless marriage of britain and Scotland, prepared via Protestant pragmatists, secured independence for either nations which would another way became Catholic dominions of France or Spain. Who won such a lot from Britain's independence? Britain was once only a small nook in a massive energy fight raging all through Europe. the writer unearths the ruthless, secular and political nature of religions that tortured and massacred males, ladies and youngsters of their millions. Divided they could have fallen or been driven into obscurity, yet united the 2 nations stood as Europe's most efficient self sustaining Protestant kingdom, the seat of democratic govt and the basis stone of a lot social and felony reform. this present day, while many are asking if it is time to finish the 305-year-old union and glance more and more to a united Europe, this booklet activates a better realizing of the warts-and-all origins of our ancestors' legacy.

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Download E-books Wild Coast: An Exploration of the Places Where Land Meets Sea PDF

By Marianne Taylor

This publication is a party of the natural world and landscapes of Britain's most crucial flora and fauna habitats—those that make up our beach. Sheer limestone crags resound with the voices of millions of bickering seabirds; unending acres of estuarine dust are jam-packed with squirming invertebrates that maintain hundreds of thousands of wading birds. In among are the mind-blowing chalk outcrops of the south coast with excellent floral groups at the clifftop meadows, shingle seashores the place terns and plovers conceal their eggs one of the stones, and dune structures sure including marram grass and aiding a special and fragile surroundings. Rocky seashores harbour microcosms of marine existence whilst the taking flight tide leaves rockpools uncovered for our exploration, or even the rowdiest seashore cities have their very own exact flora and fauna along the wild nightlife. Grand-scale color photographs convey the wild coast and its population to lifestyles, whereas the textual content tells you what you'll see and the place, from Land's finish to John O'Groats through the scenic path. fantastically illustrated with color pictures and authoritative textual content, this booklet is a party of the wilder points of the UK's coasts.

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Download E-books Austerity Britain: 1945-51 (Tales of a New Jerusalem, Volume 1) PDF

By David Kynaston

An imposing people’s historical past of britain within the years instantly following the tip of global conflict II, and a shock bestseller within the UK.
As a lot as any nation, England bore the brunt of Germany’s aggression in international battle II , and was once ravaged in lots of methods on the war’s finish. Celebrated historian David Kynaston has written an totally unique, compellingly readable account of the next six years, in which the rustic indomitably rebuilt itself.  Kynaston’s nice genius is to chronicle England’s event from backside to most sensible: coursing during the publication, for this reason, is an staggering number of traditional, modern voices, eloquently and passionately exhibiting the country’s amazing spirit at the same time they have been ignorant of what the longer term could carry. jointly they current a desirable portrait of the English humans at a climactic element in heritage, and Kynaston skillfully hyperlinks their tales to the larger, headline-making occasions of the time. Their tales additionally jostle along these of extra famous figures like celebrated journalist-to-be Jon Arlott (making his first radio broadcast), actress Glenda Jackson, and author Doris Lessing, newly arrived from Africa and struck by means of the leveling poverty of postwar Britain.

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Download E-books Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon: Feminist, Artist and Rebel PDF

Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon was once the main unconventional and influential chief of the Victorian women’s circulate. vastly proficient, lively, and unique, she was once a feminist, law-reformer, painter, journalist, shut good friend of George Eliot, and a cousin of Florence Nightingale. As a painter, she is now well-known as a necessary determine between Pre-Raphaelite girls artists. As a feminist, she led 4 nice campaigns—for married women’s felony prestige, for women’s correct to paintings, to vote, and to be knowledgeable. Pamela Hirsch has written a biography that's as full of life and strong as its topic, resurrecting this half-forgotten determine and putting her squarely within the context of women’s fight for equality.

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Download E-books The Pankhursts PDF

By Martin Pugh

Publish yr note: First released in 2001

The suffragettes outraged Victorian society yet their own lives have been simply as dramatic as their public activities. during this gripping and incisive account of the Pankhursts, Martin Pugh finds the complete tale at the back of this detailed relatives: Emmeline, the domineering mom; Christabel, the favorite daughter, who turned an Adventist and admirer of Mussolini; Sylvia, the 'scarlet woman'; adn Adela, banished to Australia after a sour rift.

The result's a story that reads like a unique, and a super perception into the heritage of a kinfolk that modified the face of British society for ever.

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Download E-books Franklin and Winston: An Intimate Portrait of an Epic Friendship PDF

By Jon Meacham


The so much entire portrait ever drawn of the advanced emotional connection among of history’s towering leaders

Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill have been the best leaders of “the maximum Generation.” In Franklin and Winston, Jon Meacham explores the attention-grabbing courting among the 2 males who piloted the unfastened global to victory in international warfare II. It was once an important friendship, and a special one—a president and a major minister spending huge, immense quantities of time jointly (113 days in the course of the conflict) and replacing approximately thousand messages. Amid cocktails, cigarettes, and cigars, they met, usually secretly, in locations as far-flung as Washington, Hyde Park, Casablanca, and Teheran, chatting with one another of battle, politics, the load of command, their overall healthiness, their better halves, and their children.

Born within the 19th century and molders of the 20 th and twenty-first, Roosevelt and Churchill had a lot in universal. Sons of the elite, scholars of background, politicians of the 1st rank, they savored energy. of their personal time either males have been underestimated, brushed aside as conceited, and confronted skeptics and haters of their personal nations—yet either magnificently rose to the important demanding situations of the 20 th century. Theirs was once one of those love tale, with an emotional Churchill relationship an elusive Roosevelt. The British top minister, who rallied his country in its darkest hour, status on my own opposed to Adolf Hitler, used to be constantly a little bit insecure approximately his position in FDR’s affections—which was once the way in which Roosevelt sought after it. a guy of secrets and techniques, FDR cherished to maintain humans off stability, together with his spouse, Eleanor, his White condo aides—and Winston Churchill.

Confronting tyranny and terror, Roosevelt and Churchill equipped a triumphant alliance amid cataclysmic occasions and infrequently conflicting pursuits. Franklin and Winston is additionally the tale in their marriages and their households, clans stuck up within the so much sweeping international clash in history.

Meacham’s new sources—including unpublished letters of FDR’ s nice mystery love, Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, the papers of Pamela Churchill Harriman, and interviews with the few surviving those who have been in FDR and Churchill’s joint company—shed clean mild at the characters of either males as he engagingly chronicles the hours within which they determined the process the struggle.

Hitler introduced them jointly; later within the struggle, they drifted aside, yet even within the autumn in their alliance, the pull of love used to be constantly there. Charting the private drama in the back of the discussions of approach and statecraft, Meacham has written the definitive account of the main striking friendship of the fashionable age.

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Download E-books 1956 and all that PDF

By Keith Flett

Throughout the Smoke of Budapest 50 Years On

The February 2006 convention of the London Socialist Historians crew was once held on the Institute of ancient examine in valuable London, considered one of a sequence of such meetings over the former ten years.

Assembled have been a modest workforce of teachers and activists come to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the occasions of 1956, and to take action in a selected approach. first of all through offering new old learn at the questions lower than assessment instead of trotting out drained orthodoxies. Secondly by way of linking historic inquiry to political activism.

It used to be queried why this type of convention was once held in February 2006 instead of within the autumn, and the reply was once an easy one. To intrude traditionally within the debates of the yr through environment a socialist old time table for doing so.

The establishing plenary heard from Sami Ramidani, an Iraqi exile now lecturing at a British collage, from Stan Newens, who have been current on the protests in 1956 and from Nigel Wilmott, the letters editor of the dad or mum yet the following talking approximately Hungary. the flavor was once one either one of old bear in mind of the occasions of 1956 and of up to date political parallels. certainly in this consultation information got here via through textual content message that the left-wing MP George Galloway were detained in a Cairo detention center in a single day and an emergency protest referred to as on the Egyptian Embassy for later within the day.

The subsequent classes concerned about the most important moments of autumn 1956, Hungary and Suez yet back different new examine analyzing their wider importance. Mike Haynes seems on the origins of the Hungarian rebel, by way of office politics whereas Anne Alexander stories the influence that Suez had on Nasser’s popularity Otherin the Arab global and Arab nationalist politics.

In the afternoon there has been a widening of the focal point. One consultation tested the effect of the occasions of 1956 on left-wing corporation and particularly the orthodox Communist or Stalinist culture. Terry Brotherton took a clean examine the impression of 1956 at the Communist get together of GB, whereas Toby Abse thinking about how the occasions of that 12 months labored their manner via within the biggest of the Western eu CPs, the Italian. Alan Woodward tested how the obstacle of Stalinist politics opened new chances for libertarian left-wing ideas.

The different keen on the increase of a brand new left as a result drawback of 1956. Paul Blackledge tested the advance of the speculation of socialist humanism by way of E.P Thompson and others as a substitute to Stalinism. Neil Davidson tested the tips of a forgotten left-wing philosopher from this era Alisdair Macintyre, whereas Christian Hogsberg reviewed the impression of an current Trotskyist theorist, CLR James round the occasions of 1956

Of path the convention couldn't desire to hide the massive diversity of attainable historic concerns bobbing up from the fiftieth anniversary of 1956. The beginnings of the shopper society and the age of affluence; the delivery of juvenile tradition and rock’n’roll; British nuclear checks and the origins of CND and campaigns opposed to the bomb; the hot theatre marked by means of ‘look again in anger’. In an advent, the editor Keith Flett stories a few of these wider trends

However the learn time table proposed via the convention was once and is still a major one.

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