Download E-books Celebrity Gods: New Religions, Media, and Authority in Occupied Japan (Nanzan Library of Asian Religion and Culture) PDF

By Benjamin Dorman

Celebrity Gods explores the interplay of latest religions and the media in postwar Japan. It specializes in the leaders and founders (kyōsō) of Jiu and Tenshō Kōtai Jingū Kyō, new religions of Japan’s speedy postwar interval that got titanic press cognizance. Jiu was once associated with the preferred prewar staff Ōmotokyō, and its actions have been according to the millennial visions of its chief, a lady known as Jikōson. while Jiu attracted the mythical sumo champion Futabayama to its reason, Jikōson and her actions turned a widely-covered reason célèbre within the press. Tenshō Kōtai Jingū Kyō (labeled odoru shūkyō, “the dancing religion,” through the clicking) was once led by means of a farmer’s spouse, Kitamura Sayo. Her uncompromising imaginative and prescient and activities towards making a new society―one that used to be a long way faraway from what she defined because the “maggot international” of postwar Japan―drew harsh and sometimes mocking feedback from the print media.

Looking again for precursors to the postwar courting of latest religions and media, Benjamin Dorman explores the numerous position that the japanese media often performed in defining applicable and applicable social habit, performing at occasions as mouthpieces for presidency and spiritual professionals. utilizing the instances of Renmonkyō within the Meiji period and Ōmotokyō within the Taishō and Shōwa eras, Dorman exhibits how amassed photos of recent religions in pre-1945 Japan grew to become absorbed into these of the quick postwar interval. Given the inability of formal non secular schooling in Japan, the media performed a huge function in transmitting notions of appropriate habit to the general public. He is going directly to symbolize the leaders of those teams as “celebrity gods,” demonstrating that the media, that have been in most cases untrained in spiritual heritage or rules, selected to model them as “celebrities” whose antics deserved derision. whereas the prewar media had provided different kyōsō as the antithesis of respectable, ethical voters who stood towards the goals of the country, postwar media reviews awarded them essentially as undeserving for democratic society.

Celebrity Gods delves into an under-studied period of non secular heritage: the Allied career and the postwar interval as much as the early Fifties. it really is a major interdisciplinary paintings that considers kin among eastern and career bureaucracies and the teams in query, and makes use of fundamental resource records from profession data and interviews with media staff and participants of non secular teams. For observers of postwar Japan, this study presents a roadmap to aid comprehend matters with regards to the Aum Shinrikyō affair of the 1990s.

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After his retirement and rarely lasted months, is recorded in so much bills of his lifestyles as a a little fun lapse into transitority insanity in an another way unblemished and stellar occupation. His involvement in Jiu had a extraordinary effect on his public photograph, which degenerated speedily within the press from nice wearing hero to deluded spiritual enthusiast, and at the workforce itself. Jiu by no means recovered from the clicking feedback it sustained after his involvement was once publicized. 142 | megastar gods The Wrestler and the Journalist In claiming that celebrities are cultural fabrications whose influence at the public might seem to be intimate and spontaneous, Chris Rojek argues that “celebrities are rigorously mediated via what should be termed chains of charm. ” humans can't develop into celebrities with no the help of what he phrases “cultural intermediaries,” that could contain newshounds (as good as publicists, brokers, photographers, and promoters). the main functionality of cultural intermediaries is to provide big name personalities in a fashion that would lead to their enduring allure for lovers. This time period additionally holds for the general public presentation of infamous celebrities. fifty three Futabayama was once extremely important for his quick circle of “cultural intermediaries,” the Japan Sumo organization (the physique that operates and controls expert sumo wrestling)54 and newshounds who had entry to him and fed the general public tidbits of knowledge on his education and growth. A key determine within the tale of Futabayama and Jiu is Fujii Tsuneo, an Asahi Shinbun journalist who was once attached to the social affairs part and belonged to the Imperial loved ones organization press membership. fifty five His reporting of Futabayama’s decline after the wrestler joined Jiu and have become a follower of Jikōson had an important influence on different press experiences and, in response to his declare, the police research. Fujii had recognized Futabayama due to the fact that 1936. After Futabayama retired from pageant, Fujii assumed that his subsequent stream may clearly be to soak up the placement of full-time coach proposed through the Sumo organization. fifty six as a substitute, Futabayama struggled with non secular questions that were plaguing him for your time, and it used to be in this the most important time that he first got here in touch with Jikōson’s teachings and adjusted the path of his lifestyles extensively. There are conflicting positions touching on how Futabayama at the start met Jikōson­—Fujii of the Asahi Shinbun and Katsuki of Jiu. After he left Jiu, Futabayama by no means pointed out his organization with Jikōson or the gang publicly back. Fujii claims that after his Asahi Shinbun colleagues went to go to Jiu “headquarters” in October 1946, Katsuki requested for the identify of the Asahi journalist chargeable for reporting at the imperial family members. after they instructed him it used to be Fujii, Katsuki turned extra simply because he had heard that Fujii used to be linked to Futabayama. Katsuki then proclaimed that Futabayama might quickly subscribe to Jiu. Fujii contends that Jiu desired to achieve the aid of the Asahi association for 2 purposes.

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