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By Joseph Sramek

Among 1765 and 1858, British imperialists in India obsessed consistently approximately gaining and retaining Indian “opinion” of British ethical and racial prestige.  Weaving political, highbrow, cultural, and gender background jointly in an cutting edge method, Gender, Morality, and Race in corporation India, 1765-1858 examines imperial anxieties concerning British ethical misconduct in India starting from debt and present giving to drunkenness and irreligion and issues out their wider dating to the structuring of British colonialism.  displaying a pervasive worry between imperial elites of wasting “mastery” over India, in addition to a deep mistrust of Indian civil and army subordinates via whom they governed, Sramek demonstrates how a lot of the British Raj’s amazing racial vanity after 1858 can in truth be traced again into the previous corporation interval of colonial rule.  instead of the Sepoy uprising of 1857 ushering in a extra racist kind of colonialism, this booklet powerfully indicates a ways better continuity among the 2 classes of colonial rule than students have hitherto more often than not famous.

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Eric Stokes, Peasant and the Raj: reviews in Agrarian Society and Peasant uprising in Colonial India (Cambridge: Cambridge collage Press, 19 78), 33–34, 42–43, chap. three; Stokes, Peasant Armed: The Indian insurrection of 1857, ed. C. A. Bayly (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986), chaps. 2–3; Seema Alavi, Sepoys and the corporate: culture and Transition in Northern India, 1770 –1830 (Delhi: Oxford college Press, 1995), chap. 2. fifty four. Kolff, Naukar, Rajput and Sepoy. fifty five. William Pinch, Peasants and clergymen in British India (Berkeley: collage of California Press, 1996), chap. three. In north India in this interval, Brahmin and Rajput caste statuses regularly forbade the plowing of land, which was once performed via low-caste peasants of Shudra ( servant) caste prestige. For poorer Brahmins and Rajputs, army provider provided a good technique to maintain high-caste prestige. fifty six. Dirks, Castes of brain. fifty seven. Macdowall to Madras Political Secretary G. Strachey, November 19, 1807, Extract Madras army Consultations, November 24, 1807, BL/APAC/ IOR/F/4/291/6564; Robertson to Bishop of Calcutta, March 28, 1817, Extract Bengal Ecclesiastical Consultations, April 26, 1817, BL/APAC/ IOR/F/4/725/19655. fifty eight. Frank Richards, Old-Soldier Sahib ( London: Faber & Faber constrained, 1936), 89. fifty nine. Michael Snape, Redcoat and faith (London: Routledge, 2005), 154–64, prices on 161 and 164. 60. friends, “Imperial Vice,” forty three. sixty one. Peter Stanley, White Mutiny: British army tradition in India, 1825–1875 (New York: NYU Press, 1998), 12–21, quote on thirteen. at the British military, via comparability, see: Edward Spiers, military and Society, 1815–1914 (London: Longman, 1980), chap. 2; Huw Strachan, Wellington’s Legacy: The Reform of the British military, 1830–54 (Manchester: Manchester college Press, 1984), chap. 2. sixty two. William Gibson, Church, country and Society, 1760–1850 (Houndsmills, united kingdom: Macmillan, 1994), 89–90; Hugh McLeod, faith and Society in England, 1850–1914 (Basingstoke, united kingdom: Macmillan, 1996), 169–220; Brian Pennington, was once Hinduism Invented? Britons, Indians, and the Colonial building of faith (Oxford: Oxford collage Press, 2005), 30. Refer, additionally, to Pennington’s wide record of the older scholarship relating to this factor contained in endnote 33 on web page 194. sixty three. Pennington, was once Hinduism Invented, 30–36. sixty four. Thomas Robertson, Chaplain of Dum Dum, to the Bishop of Calcutta, March 28, 1817, Extract Bengal Ecclesiastical Consultations, April 26, 1817, BL/APAC/IOR/F/4/725/19655; “Najeeb,” Strictures, ninety two. sixty five. Extract Public Letter from Bombay to court docket of administrators, February 20, 1808, BL/APAC/IOR/F/4/281/6450. On Britons’ ordinarily unfavourable attitudes towards infantrymen sooner than the mid-nineteenth century, quite relating to their ethical redeemability, see Olive Anderson, “Growth of Christian Militarism in Mid-Victorian Britain,” English historic overview 86 (1971): 46–72; Snape, Redcoat and faith, chap. 2; Kenneth Hendrickson, Making Saints: faith and the general public snapshot of the British military, 1809–1885 ( Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson college Press, 1998), 9–15, ninety six.

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