By Marinos Pourgouris
Enticing with the paintings of Nobel Prize-winning poet Odysseus Elytis in the framework of overseas modernism, Marinos Pourgouris areas the poet's paintings within the context of alternative modernist and surrealist writers in Europe. while, Pourgouris places ahead a redefinition of eu Modernism that makes the Mediterranean, and Greece specifically, the discursive touch sector and accommodates missed parts comparable to nationwide identification and geography. starting with an exam of Greek Modernism, Pourgouris's research areas Elytis in dialog with Albert Camus; analyzes the effect of Charles Baudelaire, Gaston Bachelard, and Sigmund Freud on Elytis's conception of analogies; strains the logo of the sunlight in Elytis's poetry in terms of the philosophies of Heraclitus and Plotinus; examines the effect of Le Corbusier on Elytis's idea of architectural poetics; and takes up the topic of Elytis's program of his idea of sun Metaphysics to poetic shape within the context of works via Freud, C. G. Jung, and Michel Foucault. trained through huge study within the usa and Europe, Pourgouris's examine makes a compelling contribution to the comparative examine of Greek modernism, the Mediterranean, and the paintings of Odysseus Elytis.
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Extra info for Mediterranean Modernisms: The Poetic Metaphysics of Odysseus Elytis
Ninety two His observations at the nature of goals are sincerely an amalgamation of Freudian and surrealist positions. an easy juxtaposition of Elytis’s “Dreams,” Freud’s Interpretation of desires, and Breton’s Manifesto of Surrealism (1924) illustrates the purpose good: it really is doubtless actual that we fail to remember desires a growing number of as time passes after waking; we frequently fail to remember them regardless of the main painstaking efforts to keep in mind them. yet i'm of the opinion that the level of this forgetting is often overvalued …. it is usually attainable via research to revive all that has been misplaced by way of the forgetting of the dream’s content material … This calls for a specific amount of recognition and self self-discipline in accomplishing the research …. (Freud)93 From the instant whilst it truly is subjected to methodical exam, while, through ability to be decided, we achieve recording the content material of desires of their entirety (and that presupposed a self-discipline of reminiscence spanning generations …) we may possibly wish that the mysteries which particularly are usually not will collapse to the nice secret (Breton). ninety four certain, Freud used to be correct: a dream abandons you for those who abandon it. in my opinion, in instances while I occurred to self-discipline myself in this topic, I controlled to reconstruct, as an archaeologist items jointly the fragments of a vase, the whole item (in this situation, the total ‘scenario’ of an evening …). (Elytis)95 All 3 passages middle upon the recovery of the dream content material that has been repressed or censored within the waking country. There are patently major ameliorations in regards to the tools through which such recovery may be completed, yet what turns into transparent in Breton and Elytis’s use of Freud is the try to change research with replacement procedures (automatism or the collective archiving of goals with regards to Breton, and a extra person poetic, or creative, reconstruction of dream content material when it comes to Elytis). in reality, Breton and Elytis may cross even extra within the decontextualization of Freudian idea to construe a rebellious perspective in keeping with the dream’s amoral nature: Elytis, Ανοιχτά Χαρτιά, p. 163. just about all of Elytis’s formal divisions in his paintings are performed in multiples of seven ninety one ninety two (—in this example 7 × 3). ninety three Freud, Interpretation, pp. 555–6. ninety four Breton, Manifestoes, pp. 13–14. ninety five Elytis, Ανοιχτά Χαρτιά, pp. 204–5. the speculation of Analogies eighty five The brain of the guy who goals is absolutely chuffed by way of what occurs to him. The agonizing query of danger isn't any longer pertinent. Kill, fly swifter, like to your heart’s content material. And when you may still die, are you no longer sure of reawakening one of the useless? (Breton)96 [In desires] we act with out commitments, with no the feel of time, with no disgrace. We pass approximately unbuttoned, we urinate in entrance of others, we dedicate all types of indecencies—we even kill occasionally, obdurate opposed to the total police strength of the realm. (Elytis)97 Like Freud, Elytis offers his personal desires and divides them into different types: “Words and Dreams,” “Dreams, humans and Places,” and “Dreams and Distance (Fragments of Dreams).