By Catherine Amoroso Leslie
Needlework serves useful reasons, reminiscent of supplying heat, yet has additionally communicated person and social id, non secular ideals, and aesthetic beliefs all through time and geography. Needlework traditions are usually linked to rituals and celebrations of lifestyles occasions. Often-overlooked through historians, practising needlework and developing needlework items presents insights to the heritage of lifestyle. Needlework options traveled with retailers and explorers, making a legacy of cross-cultural trade. a few suggestions are nearly common and others are constrained to a small geographical sector. Settlers introduced traditions which have been occasionally re-invented as indigenous arts. This quantity of roughly seventy five entries is a entire source on recommendations and cultural traditions for college students, details execs, and collectors.
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Additional info for Needlework through History: An Encyclopedia (Handicrafts through World History)
Additional examining Carter, Roger. (1996). The background of Macramé. In J. C. Turner and P. van de Griend (Eds. ). background and technology of Knots, pp. 335–344. Singapore: global Scientiﬁc Publishing. Gillow, John, & Bryan Sentance. (1999). international Textiles: a visible consultant to standard suggestions. Boston: Little, Brown. Harvey, Virginia I. (1967). Macrame: The artwork of artistic Knotting. long island: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Meilach, Dona Z. (1971). Macrame: inventive layout in Knotting. ny: Crown. Whiting, Gertrude. (1971). Old-Time instruments and Toys of Needlework. manhattan: Dover. (Unabridged and unaltered republication of the paintings initially released by means of Columbia college Press, ny, in 1928 lower than the identify instruments and Toys of Stitchery. ) metal Threads using gold, silver, and different metal threads as an embellishment on textiles and garments. metal thread originated in Western Asia, touring to the center East at the Silk street and into Western Europe by means of the center a while. throughout time and geographic sector, gold and silver labored on expensive fabrics like velvet, silk, and satin has signiﬁed army, religious, and political energy. steel thread elaborations are favourite on uniforms, with opulence used to point rank. Ecclesiastical textiles with lavish gold embroidery are available in church buildings, mosques, and temples through the international. those similar high priced fabrics have been used to decorate the wealthy and robust with attention-grabbing court docket dress. one hundred twenty steel Threads the costliest gold thread is named Admiralty or executive general. it really is 2 percentage gold on white steel. Gilt is set . five percentage gold on silver-plated copper. In making metal threads, heated gold or silver cord is drawn via successively smaller holes in a steel plate. This ﬁne cord may be hammered ﬂat into ribbon-like strips, shaped right into a lengthy ﬂexible coil named “purl,” or wound round a silk middle to make thread. steel thread paintings is finished by way of males in workshops utilizing a body. steel folks embroidery was once frequently performed via girls who stitched and not using a body, leading to a extra textured cloth. simply because steel threads resembling purl are usually too abrasive to tug via cloth with out creating a gap, they're laid at the floor and stitched down in an identical or contrasting coloured thread. This embroidery method is called couching. occasionally steel threads are laid over a base of cotton, cardboard, or wooden, which creates 3-dimensional embroidery referred to as stumpwork. overwhelmed silver yarns are used for angular styles of vegetation and ﬁgures within the heart East. even supposing nonetheless too thick to be embroidered with a needle and thread, tambour hooks can be utilized to make chain stitches without delay into the cloth in ﬁne silver or gold gilt thread. Finer, extra ﬂexible, and significantly more cost-effective than actual steel, artificial lurex is a well-liked replacement for modern metal embroidery, in particular in Africa. metal thread embroidery originated in China, the place thread is laid in coils and couched on a silk floor.