By Suzanne Nash
Wondering the view that the paintings isn't really consultant of the poet's mature accomplishment, Suzanne Nash argues that the revisionary strategy thinking about its production led Valery to mirror on difficulties basic to poetic creation and hence supplied notion for all his later poetry.
Originally released in 1983.
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Extra resources for Paul Valery's Album des Vers Anciens: A Past Transfigured (Princeton Legacy Library)
VALERY'S FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Michel Breal's Essai de Semantique (Paris: Librairie Hachette et Cie. , 1897), which Valery learn and reviewed in 1898, should have proven perspectives he had concerning the serious hyperlink be tween constructions of proposal and constructions of grammar and was once no doubt an permitting think about his attempt to discover how you can translate his de-mystified view of the poet's product into poetic kinds in step with that view. seventy six As early as 1893 or 1894, seventy six For a close exposition of Valery's perspectives on language, see Jiirgen SchmidtRadefeldt, Paul Valery linguiste dans Ies"Cahiers" (Paris: Klincksieck, 1970) and "Valery et Ies sciences du langage," Bulletin d'etudes valeryennes, No. eight, Jan. 1976. Schmidt-Radefeldt is confident that Breal's booklet had a decisive 98 · REFLECTIONS ON WRITING Valery had written the "Letter on Lord Kelvin," within which he acknowledged the basic value of the analogyzing procedure to either notion and its expression: L'esprit tel a performed los angeles propriete de former des sortes de tnecattismes dont Ie nom imprecise et commun est 'analogie'. J'ajoute, pour etre un peu plus personnellement en peril, que Ie degre de cette faculte rely du nombre (combinatoire) de kin dans Ie cerveau (anastomoses, prolongements cellulaires) et entraine des questions de vitesse, de mouvement... et de tout. (Oeuvres II, p. 1435) In an perception that appears ahead to fashionable progressive linguistic theories, Breal proposes that the constitution of lan guage displays the constitution of the brain. He analyzes semantics, the technological know-how of significations, by way of the one actual motives, that are "! 'intelligence et los angeles volonte humaine. "77 In his re view of Breal's e-book for the Mercure de France, Valery starts off with this statement: "Toutes Ies ameliorations que Ie langage peut subir doivent laisser invariables un convinced nombre de proprietes . . . ce residu contiendrait Ies family members fondamentales du langage avec ce qu'on nomme, par hypothese, l'es prit. "78 in line with Breal, the main basic of those "rela tions" is the analogizing energy inherent within the human brain which allows the kid to make himself understood, even if he occurs to create a brand new observe. there's, then, no unique second whilst voice coincides with event as Malinfluence on Valery's concept bearing on language. "La theorie du langage de Valery tente de saisir ces fonctions diverses de fagon combine en considerant Ie langage essentiellement dans son caractere fonctionnel en tant qu'acte et motion. Cela implique qu'il faut toujours tenir compte du contexte de Pemploi. " BEV, p. 27. See additionally Bertil Malmberg, "Paul Valery et Ies signes," in Signes et symboles: Ies bases du langage humain. Paris: versions A. & J. Picard, 1977. seventy seven Essai de semantique, p. 7. seventy eight "Methodes," Le Mercure de France, Tome XXV, janvier-mars, 1898, p. 254. Valery's admiration for Breal's paintings relies, to a wide quantity, at the significance it accords inventiveness, at the insights it presents the poet re garding the complexities of his instrument, language.