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This booklet bargains a close and engaging photo of the amazing astronomical wisdom on which the Roman calendar, usually attributed to the king Numa Pompilius (reign 715-673 B.C.), used to be dependent. this data, of Mesopotamian origins, comparable usually to the planetary activities and to the prevalence of eclipses within the sunlight method. the writer explains the Numan 12 months and cycle and illustrates truly how astronomical phenomena exerted a robust impression over either private and non-private existence. a chain of concise chapters learn the dates of the Roman gala's, describe the comparable rites and myths and position the gala's on the subject of the planetary pursuits and astronomical occasions. targeted reference is made to the hobbies of the moon and Venus, their relation to the language of delusion, and the actual value that Venus was once thought of to have for lady fertility. The publication in actual fact demonstrates the intensity of astronomical wisdom mirrored within the Roman non secular calendar and the precise festive days. it is going to charm either to realized connoisseurs and to amateurs with a selected curiosity within the topic.

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Magini attracts on a powerful variety of Latin and Greek texts which, notwithstanding for sure hailing from later sessions, however make up a well-consolidated physique of opinion. He collates astronomical notions and information on spiritual dinner party days to focus on the significance of the revised calendar generally ascribed to the mythical king Numa Pompilius, who's usually assumed to were the inheritor to the founding father of Rome. while the 12 months in use lower than Romulus had yet 10 lunar months—a attribute that quickly placed it out of kilter with the Sun’s motion—Numa corrected this mistake not only via including a different lunar months, yet by means of setting up a cycle of 3 occasions eight years which, utilizing various numbers of intercalated days, nearly thoroughly restored the year’s concordance with the sunlight 12 months. The cycle attributed to Numa is an exceptionally shut healthy to the movement of the most important gadgets within the sky—the solar, the Moon and Venus—and can be used to foretell eclipses of the solar and Moon. In different phrases, it was once a important successor to the cycle of Saros, a proven fact that itself issues to a Mesopotamian impact. didn't the Greek historian Herodotus say that the Etruscans have been descended from immigrants who originated in Lydia? Even relative neophytes to astronomical matters might be desirous about the connection that the writer establishes and proves among the passage of the yr as marked by means of the Numan cycle, and the cadence of the various non secular celebrations that set aside the fasti (festive days, and the one days while the courts have been in consultation in historical Rome) from common days (when humans needed to paintings, and justice couldn't be dispensed). each banquet day deals up an ‘‘explanation’’ to the passage of the heavenly our bodies. ix x Foreword one of the benefits of this groundbreaking paintings is its transparent demonstration of the extreme astronomical wisdom contained in the Roman non secular calendar, which was once proven at Rome’s very beginnings. although in no way definite, it's definitely valid to presume that this data used to be strongly prompted through Etruscan wisdom, and, prior to them, by means of the technology of the Chaldeans. The author’s strains of enquiry may be regarded as an preliminary facts, to be proven through extra examine. Germaine Aujac Preface: A Letter To my associates, Professors Franco Aspesi, Gioachino Chiarini and Mario Negri1 special professors and expensive neighbors, As you might have my learn into the astronomical underpinnings of the Numan calendar correct from the beginning, I ship you a monograph that i've got written to handle a number of pursuits. to start with, the essay brings jointly the end result of a number of years’ research, as illustrated in my books Le Feste di Venere and Astronomy and Calendar in historical Rome,2 supported via the fundamental writings of authors of antiquity and astronomical calculations. This essay additionally attracts on clean calculations and analyses to construct on my prior paintings and illustrates newer advancements, together with a brand new process right here and there.

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