Download E-books The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain 1649-1815 PDF

By N. A. M. Rodger

The Command of the Ocean describes with exceptional authority and scholarship the increase of england to naval greatness, and the significant position of the military and naval task within the lifetime of the state and govt. It describes not only battles, voyages and cruises yet how the military used to be manned, the way it used to be provided with trees, hemp and iron, how its males (and occasionally ladies) have been fed, and mainly the way it used to be financed and directed. It was once throughout the century and a part coated via this ebook that the profitable organizing of those final 3 - victualling, cash and administration - took the military to the center of the British country. it's the nice fulfillment of the e-book to teach how thoroughly built-in and at the same time based Britain and the military then turned.

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Sixty three Fireship provider used to be tremendously harmful. regrettably it isn't recognized what grew to become of them. In wartime volunteers by no means sufficed, and the army resorted to embargo and impressment. Embargoes, forbidding a few or all service provider delivery to sail, have been imposed in October 1664, December 1665, November 1666, March 1672 and December 1672. while Lords Lieutenant of inland counties, and Vice-Admirals of maritime counties, have been ordered to elevate mounted numbers of fellows each one. a few of the males they despatched knew not anything of the ocean, and there have been a variety of lawsuits in their ill-health and unsuitability. Commissioner Middleton at Portsmouth got males totally not worthy for provider, a few 50, 6o, or even 70 years of age. No guy will admit them into his send; they can't go back with no pay, and not anyone has strength to ship them domestic back, in order that they wander up and down the streets, ravenous and spreading an infection within the city. sixty four different press-warrants have been issued to the mayors of seaports, and more and more to the captains of ships. within the Thames Estuary, recorded Lieutenant Thomas Browne of the Mary Rose in 1666, the various humans on either shorelines are run up into the rustic as fearing the click, and a few of our seamen were so impolite as to carry away not just universal labourers, yet farmers and constables, no longer sparing a Justice of the Peace from the Essex aspect. sixty five a lot urgent was once performed at sea, out of coasters and homeward- (but no longer outward-) sure deep-sea ships, the place seamen may perhaps constantly be stumbled on, at the least by way of those that knew the place they could be hidden. Shipwrights and caulkers have been additionally pressed for the dockyards. The London Watermen’s corporation was once alleged to provide a set quota of fellows, however the caliber used to be so undesirable that during may possibly 1666 their exemption from impressment used to be got rid of. ‘The Masters of Waterman’s corridor are solid Christians, yet very knaves;’ wrote Commissioner Middleton, ‘they may be ordered to ship down ten or twelve outdated girls to be nurses to the kids they ship for the king to breed’. sixty six After repeated desertions, it was once ordered in 1665 that pressed males be followed to the naval ports. The Deputy Lieutenants of Kent have been prompt in 1666 ‘to go away a shilling on the apartment of every seaman, who might be absent, with assurances, that in the event that they seem to not serve his Majesty the following time they arrive to their homes, they will likely be impressed’,67 however the monetary concern of that 12 months resulted in the common abandonment of the shilling ‘imprest funds’ which was once held to make urgent felony, to the substantial alarm of Pepys. sixty eight Neither he nor a person else concerned beloved impressment: yet Lord, how a few terrible girls did cry, and in my lifestyles I by no means did see such ordinary expressions of ardour as I did right here – in a few women’s bewailing themselves, and working to each parcel of fellows that have been introduced, one after one other, to seem for his or her husbands, and wept over each vessel that went off, pondering they could be there, and looking out after the send so far as ever they can through moonlight – that it grieved my center to listen to them.

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